- Rašto darbai, referatai ir rašiniai

The Acropolis of Athens

9.6 (2 atsiliepimai)

1,234 žodžiai (-ių)
Anglų kalba

The Acropolis of Athens page 1
The Acropolis of Athens page 2
The Acropolis of Athens page 3
Svarbu! Žemiau pateiktos nuotraukos yra sumažintos kokybės. Norėdami matyti visos kokybės darbą spustelkite parsisiųsti.

The Acropolis of Athens

The Acropolis hill, so called the „Sacred Rock“ of Athens, is the most important site of the city. During Perikles’ Golden Age, ancient Greek civilization was represented in an ideal way on the hill and some of the architectural masterpieces of the period were erected on its ground.

The first habitation remains on the Acropolis date from the Neolithic period. Over the centuries, the rocky hill was continuously used either as a cult place or as a residential area or bboth. The inscriptions on the numerous and precious offerings to the sanctuary of Athena (marble korai, bronze and clay statuettes and vases) indicate that the cult of the city’s patron goddess was established as early as the Archaic period (650-480 B.C.).

During the Classical period (450-330 B.C.) three important temples were erected on the ruins of earlier ones: the Parthenon, the Erechtheion, and the Temple of Nike, dedicated to Athena Parthenos, Athena Polias, and Athena-Apteros Nike, respectively. The Propylaea, the mmonumental entrance to the sacred area was also constructed in the same period.

The monuments on the Acropolis reflect the successive phases of the city’s history. Some of them were converted into Christian churches, houses of the Franks and later on, oof the Turks. After the liberation of Athens from the Turks, the protection, restoration and conservation of the monuments was one of the first tasks of the newly-founded Greek state. This major effort is continued until today, with the large-scale restoration and supporting of the monuments, which started in the 1970’s and is still in progress.

The first excavations on the hill were conducted between 1835 and 1837. More systematic work was carried out in 1885-1890 by Panagiotis Kavvadias.

The most important monuments on the Acropolis are:

The Parthenon. It is the most important and characteristic monument of the ancient Greek civilization and still remains its international symbol. It was dedicated to Athena Parthenos, the patron goddess of Athens. It was bbuilt between 447 and 438 B.C. and its sculptural decoration was completed in 432 B.C. The construction of the monument was initiated by Perikles, the supervisor of the whole work was Pheidias, the famous Athenian sculptor, while Iktinos and Kallikrates were the architects of the building. The temple is built in the Doric order and almost exclusively of Pentelic marble. It is peripteral, with eight columns on each of the narrow sides and seventeen columns on each of the long oones. The central part of the temple, called the cella, sheltered the famous chryselephantine cult statue of Athena, made by Pheidias.

The sculptural decoration of the Parthenon is a unique combination of the Doric metopes and triglyphs on the entablature, and the Ionic frieze on the walls of the cella. The metopes depict the Gigantomachy on the east side, the Amazonomachy on the west, the Centauromachy on the south, and scenes from the Trojan War on the north.

The relief frieze depicts the Procession of the Panathenaea, the most formal religious festival of ancient Athens. The scene runs along all the four sides of the building and includes the figures of gods, beasts and of some 360 humans.

The two pediments of the temple are decorated with mythological scenes: ...

Šiuo metu matote 50% šio darbo.

Matomi 617 žodžiai iš 1234 žodžių.

Panašūs darbai


-Well, Sima, would you mind to share your opinion about traveling holidays? -Yes, of course. Where do you suggest spending holidays? -I assume that the best holidays will be by the see. -In m...

6 atsiliepimai
My Summer

I like summer as a season, but I hate it as a period of time. I get up and hear the birds singing reminding me to mow the lawn. I get down the stairs and see green vegetables reminding me to...

1 atsiliepimai
Nottingham, UK

Nottingham Welcome to Nottingham, a vibrant friendly city – where the past and present harmonise perfectly to create a unique destination, offering something for everyone. A Legendary Past...

4 atsiliepimai
taking risks

Taking Risks All people take risks every day and often they don’t even know about it. Risk is a chance or possibility of something bad or dangerous happening. Some occupations are more r...

1 atsiliepimai

One dark night I dreamt this wonderful dream: , with its many ancient building looks beautiful on such a clear summer’s day. The sun shines brightly over the calm waters. Pauline and I rea...

2 atsiliepimai
Atsisiųsti šį darbą