Each of the 659 MPs in the House of Commons represents a particular part
of the UK called a constituency. Anyone who wants to become an MP must be
elected by the people of a constituency. Before an election one person is
chosen by each of the main political parties to stand for election in each
constituency. Only the candidate who gets the most votes is elected. The
system is called first past the post.
In a general election, when elections are hheld in all constituencies, the
winning party, is the one that wins most seats in Parliament.
By law, a general election must take place every five years. General
elections are always held on Thursdays. Anyone who wants to stand for
Parliament has to leave a deposit of £500 with the Returning Officer. This
is intended to stop people who do not seriously want to be MPs from taking
part in the election.
Before an election takes place candidates campaign for support in the
constituency. The amount oof money to spend is strictly limited. They cannot
buy television time.
If an MP dies or resigns, a by-election is held in the constituency which
he or she represented.
Anyone over the age of 18 has the right to vote at eelections. Voting is
not compulsory but the turnout (= the number of people voting) at general
elections is usually high.
About a week in advance of an election everyone on the electoral register
receives a polling card and the whole elections process begins.
The counting takes place in the same evening after elections, continuing
for as long as necessary through the night. If the number of votes for two
candidates is very close, the candidates may demand a recount.
The British political system relies on having at least two parties in the
House of Commons able to form a government. There are mainly three parties:
the Conservative Party, the Labour Party and the Liberal Democratic Party,
the most important one.
The Conservative Party is on the political right aand the Labour Party on
the left. The Liberal Democrats are generally closer to Labour in their
The support for each party is slightly different. The Conservative Party
usually gets support from the rich people, while the Labour Party drew its
support from the working classes and from people wanting social reforms.
The main parties hold regular meetings at which party policy is
The USA has two main political parties, the Democratic Party and the
Party organizations are less important iin the USA than in countries like
has been a growing problem all over the world. I would like to mention that nowadays our life isn_t safe. It seems that police or government can_t guarantee public safety. No one can live in...·
Everything Royal Correspondence, Christmas Cards, Photographs & Gifts from , HRH Prince Charles and HRH Diana, Princess of Wales His Royal Highness The Prince of Wales & Diana, Prince...·
Human-beings are strong only because they have information. Information we get from our own experience is not enough to satisfy our needs and we have to share it between ourselves. Therefore...·
General characteristics Lithuanian religion belongs to the Baltic religions and through many links is related to Prussian and Lettish ones and, along with the old religions of the Northern...·
Last summer I was in . As I remember it was one of the hottest summer’s I have ever lived by. The journey lasted about three hours using airplane service. When our plane was landing in one...·