Management – an art or a science?
Nowadays management is everywhere from office and university to hospital or even ordinary construction because it is all about planning, organizing, coordinating and achieving a set goal. Consequently there is a wide variety of opinions about management. Is it an art or a science?
Let us start by considering the main qualities that every efficient manager should have. I think that the most important quality of all is to be competent: knowing one’s job perfectly, aas well as the work of one’s subordinates. And only when you know a lot – you can do a lot. Peter Ferdinand Drucker a famous writer and management consultant has said: “They (managers) divide the work into manageable activities and then into individual jobs. They select people to manage these units and perform the jobs.” Without a great knowledge, without being competent, manager won’t be able to give purposefulorders. In fact, nobody was born with enough knowledge to be a manager this means tthat becoming competent is a hard work and it is more like a science than an art.
Similarly, being logical, rational an analytical is also quality that could be acquired only.
Logic is a real science with strict rules and terms that cconsiders how parts can be combined to form a whole. It is usually used in managing as it helps manager develop strategies, plans and tactics, also to build his team in order to achieve the set goal.
Otherwise, talent or instinct, things that man could be only born with strongly improves the chances of succeeding in management. Mostly congenital abilities such as creativity or being decisive that are swaddling in the childhood are vital for innovation and flexibility in managing. In other words, creativity lets manager to think differently, to get new and original ideas to improve his ...
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