• The aim of the Project Work;
• The Project Work
• The main facts;
• The capital;
• The beer;
• The comics;
It happens time after time. People understand Europe the way they’ve been
introduced to it – The usual tourist meccas, the attractions on a thousand
postcards. Then they remember the little ccountry, they passed through a few
days ago. It seems beautiful, it’s practically next door to Paris, London
and Amsterdam, and they have 24 hours to explore it before heading home.
So, I’d like to introduce you – this is Belgium.
THE AIM OF THE PROJECT WORK
The aim of this Project Work was to know as much new facts about Belgium as
THE MAIN FACTS
Flag description: three equal vertical bands of black (hoist side), yellow,
and red; the design was based on the fflag of France.
Status: UN Country
Capital City: Brussels (Bruxelles)
Main Cities: Antwerp, Ghent, Charleroi, Liège
Population: 10,020,000 Area [sq.km]: 30,520
Currency: 1 euro = 100 cents
Languages: Flemish (Dutch), French, German
Religions: Roman Catholic
Belgium, a kingdom no bigger than Maryland, is Europe in a nnutshell,
multicultural and multilingual. Flanders in the north, a flatland criss-
crossed by canals, is proud of its great art cities, Antwerp, Bruges and
Ghent. To the south in Wallonia, you will find the rolling hills of the
Ardennes, numerous castles, and the cities of Liege, Namur, and Tournai.
Its capital city of Brussels is one of the world’s great cosmopolitan
cities, home to both the European Union and NATO, as well as a wealth of
international trade and finance companies.
Belgium is located at the Western Europe, bordering the North Sea, between
France 620 km, Germany 167 km, Luxembourg 148 km, and Netherlands 450 km.
Total area includes 1,385 km.
The climate near the sea is humid and mild. Farther inland, away from the
moderating maritime influences, a marked increase iin the range of
In the Ardennes region hot summers alternate with cold winters. Heavy rains
are confined almost exclusively to the highlands. Fog and drizzle are
common, and April and November are particularly rainy months.
In Brussels, located at the center of the nation, the average temperatures
range from -1° to 4° C (30° to 40° F) in January and 12° to 23° C (54° to
73° F) in July. In Oostende, on the coast, the average range is 1° to 5° C
(33° to 441° F) in January and 13° to 20° C (56° to 67° F) in July.
Rainfall in Brussels is uniformly spread throughout the year, with a yearly
average of about 860 mm (about 34 in); annual precipitation in Oostende
averages about 600 mm (about 24 in).
Belgium’s neighbours France, Germany and England. Conquered by German
tribes, Christianised by the 7th century and carved up during the Frankish
Empire in 1100, much of Belgium enjoyed a golden age of prosperity and
artistry under the French Duke of Burgundy during the 14th century.
With the demise of Bruges due to British competition and a silted river,
Antwerp soon became the greatest port in Europe. The golden age began to
tarnish in the mid-15th century when the Low Countries (present-day
Belgium, the Netherlands and Luxembourg) were inherited by Spain, igniting
a long battle against Catholic Spanish rule. The fanatically Catholic
Philip II of Spain sent in the Inquisition to enforce Catholicism.
Thousands were imprisoned or executed before full-scale war erupted in
1568. The Revolt of the Netherlands lasted 80 years and in the end Holland
and its allied provinces booted out the Spaniards.
Belgium and Luxembourg stayed under Spanish rule. Napolean’s defeat at the
Battle of Waterloo near Brussels led to the creation, in 1814, of the
United Kingdom of the NNetherlands, melding Belgium and Luxembuorg into the
Netherlands. But the Catholic Belgians revolted, winning independence in
Despite Belgium’s neutral policy, the Germans invaded in 1914. Another
German attack in 1940 saw the entire country taken over within three weeks.
King Leopold III’s questionably early capitulation to the Germans led to
his abdication in 1950 in favour of his son, King Baudouin, whose popular
reign ended with his death in 1993. Childless, Baudouin was succeeded by
his brother, the present King Albert II.
Postwar Belgium was characterised by an economic boom, later accentuated by
Brussels’ appointment as the headquarters of the European Union (EU) and
the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO). Belgium of today is home to
a vast army of diplomats, and with them has come a rampant form of
internationalism – followed closely by bland skyscrapers and intimidatory
While the country’s number one city is being busily groomed to suit the
rest of Europe, the Belgians themselves remain nonchalant – the true spirit
of Belgium will always emanate from its people and its past.
Festival’s play an important part in Belgian life. One of the most famous
festivals is the three-day carnival at Binche, near Mons, held just before
Lent. During the carnival, noisemaking and dancing are led by „Gilles,“ men
dressed in high, plumed hats and bbright costumes.
Another famous pageant is the Procession of the Holy Blood, held in Brugge
in May. December 6 commemorates Saint Nicholas’s Day, an important
|New Year’s Day |Jan. 1 |
|Good Friday |Mar. 29 |
|Easter Monday |Apr. 1 |
|Labor Day |May 1 |
|Ascension Day |May 9 |
|Whit Monday |May 20 |
|Independence Day |July 21 |
|Assumption Day |Aug. 15 |
|All Saints Day |Nov. 1 |
|Veterans Day |Nov. 11 |
|Christmas Day |Dec. 25 |
The people of Belgium are primarily of two ethnic groups, the Flemings
(Teutonic origin) and the Walloons (Celtic origin, probably with an
admixture of Alpine elements). The most distinguishing characteristic of
these two groups is language. The Flemings speak Dutch (often referred to
by its historic regional name, Flemish; see Flemish Language), and the
Walloons speak French.
The predominantly Flemish provinces are in the northern half of Belgium,
called Flanders (Flemish Region), and the predominantly Walloon provinces
are in the southern half, called Wallonia. The capital of Brussels, an
enclave within the Flanders region, is mixed. In 1993 these three
ethnolinguistic areas became official federal regions.
In 1963 a law was passed establishing three official languages within
Belgium: Dutch was recognized as the official language in the north, French
in the south, and German along the eastern border.
In the city and
suburbs of Brussels, both French and Dutch are officially
recognized, although French speakers are the larger group. In the country
as a whole, strictly Dutch speakers make up about 58 percent, and French
speakers about 32 percent of the population, while about 10 percent are
bilingual or speak German or other languages. In 1971 a constitutional
change was enacted giving political recognition to these three linguistic
communities, providing cultural autonomy for them, and also revising the
administrative status of Brussels.
About three-quarters of the Belgian population is ...
Religions Anthropologists who specialize in the study of preliterate societies have always been faced with the difficult problem of defining what kinds of phenomena can be called . At first s...·
The mass media play an important part in our lives. Newspapers, radio and especially TV inform us of what is going on in this world and give us wonderful possibilities for education and enter...·
Lithuania is a young country and as every young nation state it has its own plights and predicaments, such as economical circumstances, psychological conditions and sociological pressure fro...·
Personality What is ? Personality is defined as a ingrained and relatively enduring patterns of thoughts, feeling and behavior. How can anybody be certain how his or her i...·
The UK of Great Britain and Northern Ireland has been the official title of the British state ever since 1922. The UK is constitutional monarchy. This means that the official head of state...·