The British press
The press is a mirror of current events. This proves to be true when you look through any newspaper. There are a lot of photoes, articles, short and long, that inform readers of the latest events.
It has been claimed that the British read more newspapers than any other people throughout the United Kingdom.
All British papers can be classified as either “quality” or “popular” papers. A “quality” paper is a serious national paper that aims at the educated reader. TThe best known British newspapers which give serious coverage of the news and comment are “The Times”, “The Gardian”, “The Financial Times” and “The Independant”. They contain information on home and foreign affairs, serious editorials, art and literary reviews. They provide up-to-date financial information and proffesional advertiring.
Some newspapers have colour supplement, with many photographs and advertisements. A popular paper is a newspaper that is designed for the undemanding reader. Such papers have brief and direct news reports and a large nnumber of photographs. Much attention is given to personal stories. Especially when they mention a figure in the public eye, such as a member of a royal family , a political figure or a film star. The style of English iin these newspapers is often conversational with much use of slang, catchy headlines. Among these newspapers are “The Daily Express”, “The Daily Mirror”, “The Star”. In addition to national daily newspapers there are nine national papers published on Sundays. Several of them include coloured magazines.
The British Library
The British Library is the largest public library in Britain. It consists of the Reference Division, the Bibliographic Service Division, the National Sound Archive and the Research and Development Department in London, and the Lending Division in Yorkshire.
The Reference Division has its origins in the library departments of the British Museum founded in 1753. It is housed within the same 19th century building of the British Museum, with more than 9 million books stored aalong two miles of shelving, and includes a Gutenburg Bible, the Magna Carta, medieval illuminated manuscripts and original tects by Shakespeare, Dickens, da Vinci and many others. The Reading Room of the British Library is a centre of serious study in all fields. It is used by university professors and lecturers,and by those who are engaged in research in therir spare time.
The richness of the collections in different subjects makes the Library specially useful for journalists and writers.
The Library of CCongress today is among the world’s largest. It was established as a reference library in 1800, and occupied one room in the building of the United States Capital Washington. These structures hold more than 80 million items in collection of books, newspapers, periodicals, manuscripts, films, maps, and work of drama, music, and art. The Library’s archives keep a great number of important and exciting documents from American history.
Most people like animals. They keep animals at home as pets. Pets may be different. People like dogs and cats, birds and hamsters, rabbi and hedgehoge, some people even like snakes.
But you can’t keep any animals as a pet even if you like him very much. Can a crocodile make a good pet? Or a lion, or a tiger, or a bear? You may love them, but will they love you? Some day when they are big they may become dangerous.
As for me, I prefer dogs. They are so clever and truthful. When they look at you with their beautiful eyes it seems to you that they understand you but can’t talk.
People teach dogs to understand commands, to do some tricks. And it think dogs teach people to be kinder, to tthink of others. People change for better when they keep pets.
Sure, pets need much care. You must keep the place where they sleep and eat tidy and clean, you must give them three meals a day. Dogs need more attention and care than cats. You must take then for walks at least two times a day.
I have a dog as a pet. His name is Ret. I like him very much. I bought him. My dog is kind . He has a black nose, brown and black fur. My dog is pedigree. He likes to bathe. Ret enjoys Chappi and bones. I go for a walk with Ret. My father helps me to take care of the dog. I like Ret very much. Ret is a very big dog. He lives in the dog house . We like Ret.
I help about the house
We live in a big house. Our flat is on the 3-th floor. We have 3 rooms and a kitchen. The flat /house/ has all modern conveniences: gas, electricity, central heating, cold and hot running water. It’s difficult for my mother to run the house herself. I’m big enough to help her. Everybody in our family has hhis own duties. As for me, my duty is to keep the right things in the right places. It means that I must keep my room tidy and clean fold up my clothes.
Usually I tidy up twice a week, on Wednesday and on Saturday. I open the window in any weather to air the room. After that I dust the furniture, water the flowers. We do not sweep the floor. We use a vacuum-cleaner for this.
There is a lot of work in the kitchen. I clean the taps, iron the towels and curtains, wash up after meals.
I do my best to help my mother to run the house. And I’m glad when mother is pleased with me.
Sometimes I go shoping. I buy bread, butter, milk. My father’s duty is to take our dog for a walk. But he doesn’t like it. So I take my dog for a walks in the morning.
Everybody likes holidays. New Year, Christmas, May day and others. But these holidays are for all. There is one holiday in a year that belongs only to you. It’s your birthday.
My birthday was on the 5 of July. In the morning my parents wished me many happy returns
of the day and gave me presents. Mother gave me a jeans, father bought me a recorder. The day began wonderfully.
I invited my friends to my birthday party. They came at 4 o’clock in the afternoon and brought me a lot of presents – books, sweets, toys.
Mother cooked many tasty, things, among them was a beautiful birthday cake with ten candles in it. I was ten that day. We enjoyed tea with the cake and sweets and fruit. After tea wwe had a lot of fun. We played games, danced and sang songs.
In the evening my Granny and Grandpa came. They brought me a lovely puppy as a present. It has always been my dream to have a puppy! I thanked my Grandparents and kissed them. Really, I had a wonderful birthday.
New Year party
Children all over the world enjoy New Year. They known father frost will come and give them presents. They like to have a fir-tree at home. It’s ffun to decorate it with shiny toys and colored lights. And it’s nice to find a surprise under it in the morning. Children like to go to a big New Year party where they sing and dance around a beautiful NNew Year tree.
I like it when Father Frost comes together with Snow Maiden. Children recite poems, sing songs, then Father Frost gives them presents.
When I was little I be lived that Father Frost and Snow Maiden were real. I was so upset when I learn that they only actors. I like New Year Parties at home, too. Father buys a New Year tree. In the evening we decorate it together. There are many shiny balls, flags, lamps on the New Year tree. Mother usually cooks a holiday dinner. There are so many tasty things on the table.
At 10 o’clock guests come. They wish us happy New Year. We watch holiday programs or TV. At 12 o’clock the Kremlin clock strikes aand the New Year comes. We congratulate each other and gull our best wishes. I think New Year is the best holiday.
Fables are short and wise stories about animals and people. They teach us to be kind and not to boast. When we read fables we see people in the animals. We laugh at silly and greedy characters. Fables teach us not to be silly and to be pleased with what we have.
I want to tell you a short sstory about a greedy lion. Once he caught a hare and wanted to eat it. But then he saw a deer, of course a deer is a bigger dinner than a hare, so the lion let the hare go and ran after the deer, but couldn’t catch him. Now the lion had no dinner at all. Some times it is wiser to be pleased with what you have. People must remember fables and the lessons they teach us.
We all love and admire Esop’s fables. Esop lived 2500 years ago in Greece. He told his fables to many people and they remembered them. Millions of people all over the world now read Esop’s fables.
Summer is wonderful
Summer is wonderful! There are many long sunny days and there is no school! There are new friends and many interesting things to see and to do.
Some children spend their holidays at the seaside, some in the mountains and some in the country.
Isn’t it nice to spend some weeks out of a noisy town?
Isn’t it to walk in the green fields? To watch the clouds? To sit down by a river or a lake on soft green grass? To climb the high hills? To sswim and to fish? To play games outdoors all the time. I think I was the happiest of all because I was at a wonderful children’s camp. Children from different towns gather here every year.
In the morning we swam and bathed in the beautiful sea and played games on the yellow sand. In the evening we made a camp-fire, sat around it and sang songs. We all became good friends.
The day to leave came too soon. We had a very good time at camp with our new friends. Children find a lot of things to enjoy, and the summer month go so quickly. Then autumn comes and school begins.
At the library
You can hardly find a boy or a girl who is not fond of reading. Books open a wonderful world to us. Many people have their own libraries at home. But still they go to public libraries to get one or another new book.
There is library in our school too. It’s not too big there is a wide choice of books there. Fairy tales and war stories, poems and novels, science fiction and fables. You can come and choice a book to your liking.
The library begins it’s work at 9 oo’clock and is closed at 5. If you don’t know what book to take, a librarian will help you with your choice. A pupil is allowed to take two books at a time. Books need care as anything else. Going to the library don’t forget the library rules.
1. Wash your hands before you begin to read.
2. Do not write anything on the pages with a pen.
3. Do not make drawings in the book.
4. Do not make dog’s ears in the book.
5. Do not tear the pages.
6. Do not lose your books or leave them in shops or buses. That means that you lose your friends.
If you keep all these rules you’ll make a good reader. Books are our great friends. They
teach us a lot of useful things.
What is a hobby? It’s something that you like to do when you have time to spare. People like to do different things, sometimes hobbies are very unusual. Extravagant people prefer to collect some special things. I remember a film about a girl whose hobby was to collect echoes. She lived in the Crimea. She used to explore mountains on the shore, and she found different echoes there among the cliffs.
There was a man who collected old trains.
Another man collected old cars. But such collections need a lot of money and the place where to keep them. More often people are fond of collecting small things: stamps, match-boxes, coins, stickers.
Very often people collect stamps, envelopes, postcards. Its a traditional hobby of most children. I should say that stamps open the world for you. It’s interesting to imagine those countries from where the letters come. There in nothing better than to get a letter from your pen-friend and tto see a new stamp on it. Some of the stamps are very beautiful. We learn many interesting things about these countries. Sometimes we stage fairy tales in English. Its great!
A year is long time. Lot’s of things happen in a year. There are four seasons in a year. All the seasons are nice: spring, summer, autumn and winter. Spring is the morning of the year. In spring nature awakens and the weather gets warmer, warmer, warmer. The fields aare covers with first fresh green grass and flowers. The forests are filled with bird’s songs. The sky is blue and sun shines brightly. At night millions stars shine in the darkness.
When summer comes, the weather gets warmer and sometimes iit’s very hot. It’s school children’s holidays time. Some of them go to the seaside with their parents, others go to the country. Summer is wonderful. It’s nice to walk in the green fields, to play with friends, to swim and to fish. Children find a lot of things to enjoy in summer.
After summer autumn comes. We call autumn a tasty season. It’s harvest time when crops are gathered in. The days get shorter and nights get longer. The woods turn ...
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