It all started in October 1851 Paul Julius Reuter, a German-born immigrant, opened an office in the City of London which transmitted stock market quotations between London and Paris via the new Calais-Dover cable. Two years earlier he had used pigeons to fly stock prices between Aachen and Brussels, a service that operated for a year until the gap in the telegraph link was closed.
Reuters, as the agency soon became known, eventually extended its service to the whole British press aas well as to other European countries. It also expanded the content to include general and economic news from all around the world. The reputation of its service was enhanced by a succession of reporting scoops. For example, in 1865 Reuters was first in Europe with news of President Lincoln’s assassination in the United States.
As overland telegraph and undersea cable facilities developed, the business expanded beyond Europe to include the Far East in 1872 and South America in 1874. In 11883 Reuters began to use a ‘column printer’ to transmit messages electrically to London newspapers and in 1923 pioneered the use of radio to transmit news internationally. In 1927 it introduced the teleprinter to distribute news to London newspapers.
In 1925 tthe Press Association, the UK press agency, took a majority holding in Reuters Ltd. and in 1939 the company moved its corporate headquarters to its present location at 85 Fleet Street, London.
During both World Wars, Reuters came under pressure from the British government to serve British interests. In 1941 Reuters deflected this pressure by restructuring itself as a private company. The new owners, the British national and provincial press, formed the Reuters Trust, with independent trustees. The Trust preserves Reuters independence and neutrality. The principles of the Trust were maintained and the power to enforce them was strengthened when Reuters became a public company in 1984.
Reuters continued to modernize rapidly in the latter half of the 20th century. The iintroduction of a succession of computerized products for international traders transformed the business. The Stockmaster service (1964), which transmitted financial data internationally, quickly proved a success and began this transformation.
In 1973 a further innovative development was the launch of the Reuter Monitor, which created an electronic marketplace for foreign exchange. This service expanded to carry news and prices covering securities, commodities and money and was further enhanced in 1981 with the launch of the Reuter Monitor Dealing Service.
Following a dramatic iincrease in profitability, Reuters was floated as a public company in 1984 on the London Stock Exchange and on NASDAQ in the US. On listing, the Company had a market capitalisation of some £700 million. Subsequently, Reuters made a series of acquisitions including Visnews (1985 – renamed Reuters Television), Instinet (1986), TIBCO (formerly Teknekron) and Quotron (both in 1994).
Reuters continued to grow rapidly, widening the range of its business products and expanding its global reporting network for media, financial and economic services. Recent key product launches include Equities 2000 (1987), Dealing 2000-2 (1992), Business Briefing (1994), Reuters Television for the financial markets (1994), 3000 Series (1996) and the Reuters 3000 Xtra service (1999).
In 1995, Reuters established its ‘Greenhouse Fund’ to take minority investments in a range of start-up technology companies, initially in the United States. In July 1999 TIBCO Software completed an IPO on NASDAQ; Reuters retains a substantial proportion of the shares. Reuters announced in early 2000 a range of major initiatives designed to accelerate its use of Internet technologies, open new markets and migrate its core business to an internet-based model. In May 2001 Instinet completed an IPO on NASDAQ; Reuters retains the majority of the shares.
In OOctober 2001 Reuters completed the largest acquisition in its history, buying most of the assets of Bridge Information Systems.
In March 2003, Reuters acquired Multex.com, Inc., a provider of global financial information.
Every day, financial professionals across the globe receive vital market data, in-depth news, quotes, statistics and analytics on financial and commodity markets from Reuters. Best known for their expertise in journalism, they are also one of the largest information providers in the world.
Relying on their vast experience in the industry and incorporating advanced technologies; Reuters have played an important role in redefining this rapidly changing industry. They provide a wide range of products and services that help their customers be more productive
Financial products and services fall into four broad categories:
· Transaction & interaction
· Risk management
· Business integration
More than ever, industry professionals are inundated by the amount of data they receive. Reuters products help professionals turn raw data into useable information, so they can make decisions with confidence.
Financial information is collected from an array of sources including exchanges, over-the-counter markets, research services and other niche contributors such as energy and fixed income providers. The data is available through various delivery platforms such as workstations, datafeeds and IInternet solutions, all carefully crafted to maximize data delivery and functionality for the customer.
High-powered workstations, such as Reuters 3000 Xtra and Reuters BridgeStation operate on Microsoft Windows and combine cross-market data with superior analytics, charting capabilities and news, so that traders, analysts, money managers, economists and others have the tools they need to interpret and act in the marketplace.
Reaching out to customers on the Web, Reuters offer rich data and tools in an Internet browser, providing both a convenient and cost-effective information solution. Their high-bandwidth network also interacts with the range of portable, wireless communications devices on the market, including digital cellular phones and PDAs, giving mobile investors access to critical financial information while on the go.
My Native Town Klaipėda is the third city in Lithuania considering the number of population. Today it is the only seaport in Lithuania which maintains trade routes between this country and...·
Advantages and disadvantages of fast food As we all know, there are all sorts of food. Of course there are a lot of facilities where we can eat. Breakfast, supper, dinner, custom dishes and n...·
Introduction Norwegians appreciate being outdoors. Friluftsiv is a unique Norwegian culture heritage, which is believed to be of great importance of modern society. It becomes meaningful in...·
Although smoking is an unhealthily habit, about 20 percent of young people smoke. The number of smoking people is increasing every year and it creates problems for other people and for them...·
Kauno švietimo ir mokslo ministerija “Aukuro” vidurinė mokykla Essay Student: 8 a kl.mok. Eglė Vidmantaitė Kaunas 2005 m. Turinys I. Introduction 2 II. Town history 2 III....·